On 24 December 2019, the EU – Viet Nam Energy Facility (EVEF) launched the first call for Expression of Interest (EOI) for Technical Assistance under its Sub-component 1B, which aims to provide technical assistance to non-MOIT stakeholders: Ministries and public institutions at the national and provincial level, stakeholders from the private sector, as well as higher education and research institutions and civil society.
Rural electrification is one of the important and outstanding achievements of Vietnam since the country’s unification with the proportion of households having electricity increased from 2.5% in 1975 to 96% in 2009. and 99.53% in 2019 (including urban and rural areas). Vietnam has successfully supplied electricity to more than 17 million households in rural, remote, border and island areas. In rural areas, the percentage of households using electricity as of December 31, 2019 reached 99.26%; only about 0.74% of rural households do not have access to electricity.
Speaking at the opening of the conference, Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Dang Hoang An said that Vietnam’s rural, mountainous and island power supply program not only contributes to poverty reduction but also to sustainable development. for rural, mountainous and island areas. We can clearly see the effect of bringing electricity to the countryside through profound changes in the daily life of farmers. From helping people change the structure of crops, change the size and practices of farming, animal husbandry, increase crop productivity, and process agro-forestry products, increase incomes for people in rural areas, Electricity also helps traditional craft villages use machine tools to replace human power, promote traditional products and expand new industries. Audio-visual means are used more and more popularly in every farmer family, have improved cultural life, raised people’s intellectual level, brought basic and long-term benefits to localities, as a basis to build new countryside in the period of industrialization and international economic integration.
Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Dang Hoang An speaking at the opening of the conference
In the period from 2013, since the Prime Minister issued Decision No. 2081/QD-TTg dated November 8, 2013 approving the electricity supply program in rural, mountainous and island areas for the period of 2013-2020, after That is the Decision No. 1740/QD-TTg dated December 13, 2018 of the Prime Minister approving the target program of electricity supply in rural, mountainous and island areas for the period 2016 – 2020 which can be considered as the last step. together for the Rural Electrification Program of Vietnam.
Decision No. 1740/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister setting the target of supplying electricity from the national grid to 17 communes without electricity; provide electricity for about 1,055,000 households in 9,890 villages. The Decision has adjusted some objectives compared to Decision No. 2081/QD-TTg such as supplying electricity for small and medium-sized irrigation pumping stations in the Mekong Delta (13 provinces/cities), power supply from renewable energy sources about 21,000 households and increased power supply to 02 island districts and 03 island communes.
In the 2016-2020 period, mobilizing central budget capital for the Program is VND 4,743 billion along with reciprocal capital from investors, the Program has achieved encouraging results: supplying electricity to 17/17 communes. reach 100%; The number of households receiving electricity is 204,737 households, supplying electricity to 5 islands (Ly Son Island; Bach Long Vy; Nhon Chau; Cu Lao Cham; Tran and Cai Chien islands).
In the period of 2021-2025, the Program will provide electricity to about 871,263 households (of which, about 153,911 households, accounting for 0.74% have no electricity; 717,352 households have electricity but the power supply is unstable, continuous) of 6,811 villages in the area of 2,197 communes; supplying electricity to 2,638 small and medium-sized pumping stations in 13 provinces in the Mekong Delta region in combination with supplying electricity to people; propose to supplement the national grid power supply or renewable energy sources for the remaining islands: Con Co Island, Quang Tri province; Tho Chu, An Son and Nam Du in Kien Giang province; Island villages: Ninh Tan, Ninh Dao, Diep Son, Bich Dam, Khanh Hoa province; power grid for Con Dao in Ba Ria – Vung Tau province.
The conference evaluated the results achieved in the past 5 years, analyzed the shortcomings, identified the causes, drew lessons learned and proposed orientations for the implementation of the rural and regional power supply program. mountains and islands in the 2021-2025 period.